STATEMENT BY HIS EXCELLENCY MR. ISMAIL OMAR GUELLEH,
PRESID.ENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF DJIBOUTI
22 July 2004
It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to Djibouti, this sisterly country of yours. A country that is fervently committed to the promotion of peace and stability in the region. A country inhabited by people whose strong belief in the values of peace, tolerance and dialogue has helped overcome many trials and tribulations. I hope that you have enjoyed your stay and that Djibouti offered an inspiring environment for you to deliberate on the crucial issues tabled before you for discussions despite the severe heat that we are facing at this time of the year.
We have strong indications that the long-drawn Somali National Reconciliation Conference is irreversibly progressing towards its successful conclusion. I would like to seize this opportunity to express my deepest gratitude to His Excellency, Mr. MWAI KIBAKI, President of the Republic of Kenya, the Government and the people of Kenya for hosting that conference for the last two years.
I would also like to express my appreciation to the leadership in the region for the clarity of vision, the seriousness of purpose and the strong political resolve they have demonstrated to assist Somalis in their endeavour to establish a broad-based and all-inclusive Government.
Instead, I must commend the IGAD Ministers who are here with us today for their continued engagement and their commitment to speedy conclusion of the process.
The decision to speak with one voice and to articulate a unified position on the issue gave a strong signal to the Somali parties that the onus lied on them to end a long-running nightmare. They seemed to have got the message right and have since then taken positive actions that have helped move the process forward
There is however a strong need to sustain that commitment, to further accommodate one another, to deepen the political dialogue towards the formation of a successful and balanced transitional dispensation that can extend the process of national reconciliation and security throughout the country.
The charge will be to help Somalia create a secure and enabling environment for the emerging institutions to function and address the mammoth task of consolidating peace, ensuring that there is no return to conflict, rebuilding a country that is devastated by a protracted and senseless conflict. Indeed, the real challenges of the transition lay ahead and comprehensive disarmament is the most crucial among them. The international community will be a vital partner in that endeavour. Immense external resources to be made available to the emerging institutions will be essential prerequisites for a successful conclusion
It is therefore of utmost importance for the. Somalis to take ownership of the process, shape and define the priorities of the transitional strategy, and support the outcome of the Nairobi Conference. In this regard, the contribution of the business community is crucial.
Dear Brothers and sisters,
The development of telecommunication and information technology remains a source of wonder to many' external observers. The entrepreneurial spirit you have demonstrated and the achievements made have certainly triggered hope among Somalis. The most recent illustration of that renewed confidence in the possibility of a better future for Somalia is the reopening of the Coca-Cola Company a few weeks ago.
But it must also say that the continued lack of governance structures, of a regulatory framework and the absence of peace and stability would jeopardize those positive gains. For the survivors to thrive, peace and security and the creation of an enabling environment for business to grow and attract direct foreign investment are indispensable.
Therefore, you must pool your resources and all work together to support the new Somali Government that we hope will soon be formed.
You have a historic role to play and your support will be critical. You may not quarrel with the thinking. You may actually react positively to the idea.
But we need to see signs of that happening in the early days after the formation of a Government. You need to exert all our energies and efforts to draw an action-plan that would translate your thinking into concrete action if we are to expect the new dispensation to be effective
I believe our meeting today will be the most appropriate forum to initiate discussions on a result-oriented strategy aimed at providing a quick-response to the daunting challenges the emerging administration will have to face.
The region will strongly back your efforts and the international community at various fora has already expressed its willingness to support. God help us in our collective endeavour.
I thank you!
ISMAIL OMAR GUELLEH
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic Of Ethiopia
22 July 2004
Honorable Colleague Ali Abdi Farah
His Excellency President Ismail Omar Guelleh,
Mr. President, we all know that Somalia is close to your heart. You have made personal sacrifices to assist Somalia. The People and Government of Djibouti have made tremendous sacrifices for Somalia.
Let me express our deep appreciation fort the decision taken by the government of Djibouti to host this meeting. You will also agree with me that our meeting today is very significant given our expectation of the crucial role that could be played by the business community in the future reconstruction of Somalia, which cannot be achieved without full participation.
Today Somalia needs the vital contribution of all segments of its society of which the business community is an important element. We have no illusions that peace will be realized fully in Somalia without active participation of the business community, whose role in bringing about national reconciliation is decisive as it is in disarmament, reconstruction and peace building.
q Somalia today is the only nation in the world without a functioning government
I am extremely delighted to share with you our satisfaction at the progress so far achieved in the peace process currently underway in Mbagathi, Kenya. The National Reconciliation Conference is now in its third and final phase and all the Somali clans are in the process of distribution and selection of the 275 members of parliament. We are hopeful that by the end of this month we will have the Transitional Federal Parliament of Somali in Place.
While much has been done in Mbagathi already, it is nonetheless obvious that what remains to be done is even more daunting. The challenge you face is building the Somali State from the ashes after fourteen years of anguish and national humiliation. This exercise is not going to be easy and no breakthrough can be achieved in this regard without the full commitment of all Somali actors including enthusiastic involvement of the Somali business community in the peace process.
At no time has Somalia needed the services of its business community more than it does now. First of all for peace for national reconciliation. And then for rebuilding Somalia’s state institutions and for reviving, with the support of the international community, Somalia’s economy, without which there can be neither peace nor durable national reconciliation.
This must be turned around. It is recognized of this fact that we all have come together to assist Somalia.
Excellency President Ismail Omar Guelleh,
First of all, the countries of the sub-region are ready to stand behind the people of Somali in unison. What we have started doing over the last few months has made it all too apparent that the people of Somalia can count fully on the Facilitation committee to discharge its responsibilities. This is a tremendous achievement for the regional states. It is with great pleasure now that I am reaffirming to you we in the sub-region are united in all our efforts to help Somalia regain its rightful place in the community of nations. No doubt, the unity of purpose displayed by the member states of IGAD since last May has been instrumental in achieving positive progress in the National Reconciliation Conference.
I thank you!
21 July 2004
Monsieur Le Ministre
It must be accepted that the world environment in the post 9/11 period is different. Circumstances that could allow opportunities for the flourishing of terrorism are of concern to the general international community. A state in coma like that of Somalia is of concern. Such concern led the Security Council to show a desire to implement the arms embargo on Somalia. After two reports from experts and a visit to the region by the Sanctions Committee on the Somali Arms Embargo, a Monitoring Group was established pursuant to resolution 1519 (2003) of 16 December 2003. With this Monitoring Group, it is expected that it will not be business as usual with respect to the importation of weapons into Somalia.
Winston Tubman, in collaboration with many international observers and especially the European Commission, the African Union, the League of Arab States, the United States and a number of European countries has been working strenuously with Kenya and IGAD in making sure we get it right this time.
The commitment of the United Nations and the belief that this should be the last peace meeting in a foreign land on Somalia was demonstrated by the visit of Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary-General to Mbagathi on July 8, 2004. The sense of his speech to delegates on that occasion was that we must get it right this time and bring succor to many Somalis who live under harrowing situations.
Monsieur Le Ministre
However, I would like to suggest otherwise. To start with, simple things like each unto himself or herself with respect to security is an expensive way for business to thrive. Waste of human lives represents destruction of consumers and in many instances, family members. Associated with this are higher costs that Somali business-men and -women must carry in operating in a situation in which the world does not have an accepted counterpart with respect to governmental backing to a Central Bank. As you know, such a clearing house is essential for commercial transactions with other countries when it comes to needs like Letters of Credit. The discrimination arising from the lack of an acceptable passport in much of the world is a social cost. I do not want to belabor the point that there are social costs to living in the Diaspora as a result of fear of security for immediate family members after goods in transit in Somalia have been heavily fortified by technicals.
Important, however, is the fact that Somalia has a lot of potential with respect to the construction and rehabilitation of developmental infrastructures all over a vast land. While I will admit that some make some gains from chaos, such gains are not equal to the lives of several clan and family members who are threatened by insecurity that results from stray bullets, kidnapping for ransom, etc.
Monsieur Le Ministre
A federal state as is being negotiated in Mbagathi cannot but follow the pressures at the international level to be business-friendly. This suggests that there is enough latitude for dialogue between those in business and those who will be in charge of the apparatus of state power. Such a dialogue should start from now. The presence of designated representatives of the business community could still make a lot of difference in the selection of those to represent Somalia during the five years of transition. I would like to humbly suggest that the most recent statement by the president of the Security Council (S/PRST/2004/24) applies to the Somali business community. In a paragraph, it was stated:
Monsieur Le Ministre
If Somalis get it right, including the support of the Somali business community, more can be expected from the international community in addressing the different aspects of putting Somalia back on its feet.
Monsieur Le Ministre
22 July 2004
Ra’iisul-wasaa … waad salaaman tihiin.
Waxaan sidaa si la’eg, u mahad-celineynaa dawladda Itoobiya, oo in muddo ahba ku hawlaneed arrimaha dib-u-heshiisiinta Soomaaliya. Waxaa mahaddaas oo kale mudan dhammaan hay’adaha IGAD, IGAD Partner Forum, UN, EC, Jaamicadda Carabta iyo African Union.
Soomaaliya, oo aaney ka jirin dawlad dammaanad qaadda ganacsiga, ayeey ganacsatada Soomaaliyeed, si aad ah ugu dadaaleen, in ay horumariyaan ganacsiga Soomaaliya, iyagoo ku dhex shaqeynaya xaalad aad u adag, in ka badan muddo 14 sano ah. Xaaladdaas waxay xaddiday horumarinta iyo ballaarinta dhaqaalaha iyo ganacsiga Soomaaliya. Caqabadaha ugu adag waxay ka soo wajeheen arrimaha la xiriira nabad-gelyo xumada.
Waxaan shaki ku jirin, in aan la horumarin karin dhaqaalaha iyo ganacsiga dalka Soomaaliya, haddii shacbiga Soomaaliyeed uusan helin dawlad metesha. Dadaal badan, oo ay beesha caalamku ku dadaashay, in Soomaaliya ay ku naallooto nabad iyo horumar, ayaa waxaa si hagar la’aan ah loogu dadaalay in dib-u-heshiisiin laga dhex dhaliyo kooxaha isku haysta ka-arriminta Soomaaliya. Dadaalkaasi wuxuu soo socday in muddo ah.
Dadaallada la xiriira dib-u-heshiisiinta Soomaaliya, waxaan amminsanahay in dawladda Jabuuti ay si aad ah ugu dadaashay wax ka qabashada xasaradda ka oogan Soomaaliya. Shirkii ka horreeyay kan maanta ka socda Mbagathi, Kiinya – ee lagu qabtay Carta (Dalka Jabuuti), wuxuu ahaa mid taariikhi ah, oo ay shacbiga Soomaaliyeed ku muujiyeen baahida ay u qabaan in geyiga Soomaaliyeed noqdo mid xasilloon. Dadaalladii loo galay dib-u-heshiisiinta Soomaaliya, kii Carta wuxuu ahaa mid aad u qiimo badan. Dadaalkaas ay sameysay dawladda Jabuuti ma aha mid uu shacbiga Soomaaliyeed illaawi doono; waxaanna madaxweynaha Jabuuti hortiisa ka caddeyneynaa in ay Soomaaliya u hayso (dalka iyo shacabka reer Jabuuti) mahad weyn oo kal iyo lab ah.
Sidoo kale, iyadoo ka dhii-dhineysa dhibaatada la soo deristay Soomaaliya, ayeey dawladda Kiinya iyo shacabkeeduba u is-taageen, in ay u hiiliyaan shacabka Soomaaliyeed. Dawladda Kiinya waxay u dul-qaadatay, iyadoon ka daalin, in ay gacanta ku hayso shirka dib-u-heshiisiinta Soomaalida, in ka badan 18 bilood. Waxay kaloo dawladda Kiinya u dul-qaadatay caqabado badan, oo soo wajahay socodka shirka nabadda Soomaalida. Shirka nabadda ee Mbagathi (dalka Kiinya), wuxuu hadda marayaa gabo-gabo; shacabka Soomaaliyeed na wuxuu durba dareemayaa neecowda dawladnimo ee Soomaaliya.
Waxaa sidaas si la’eg, aan mahad ballaaran u jeedineynaa dawladda iyo shacabka Itoobiya, sida ay ugu guntatay wax-ka-qabashada arrimaha Soomaaliya, tan iyo markuu sannadku ahaa 1993dii. Waxay taariikhdu xusi doontaa dadaalka nabadeed ee shacbiga aan walaalaha nahay uu u muujiyay shacabka Soomaalida.
Annaga oo ah ganacsatada Soomaaliyeed, waxaan diyaar u nahay in aan la shaqeyno dawlad ka dhalata dalka Kiinya, oo ay Soomaalidu leedahay. Waxaan hortiinna ka caddeyneynaa in aan dawladdaas u huri doonno hantideenna, xooggeena iyo garashadeenna. Waxaan ka kaalmeyn doonna, in la xaqiijiyo, in Soomaaliya nabad lagu soo celiyo; in Soomaaliya ay si rasmi ah uga mid noqoto beesha caalamka.
Ganacsatada Soomaaliyeed, waxay ballaan qaadayaan in ay fuliyaan mas’uuliyadda ka saaran dalkooda: haddii ay ahaan lahayd dib-u-dhiska kaabayaasha dhaqaale, horumarinta waxbarashada, isgaarsiinta, gaadiidka iyo dhammaan hawlaha kale ee dib-u-dhiska.
Dareenka ganacsatada Soomaaliyeed wuxuu, mar walba ahaa, mid ku wajahan ka qayb gelidda iyo taageeridda barnaamijyada dib u heshiisiinta. Bishii April iyo Novembar, sannadkii 2003da, waxaan isugu nimid shirar aan uga hadleynay sidii aan kaalmo uga geysan lahayn nabad raadinta Soomaaliya. Waxaan la kulannay ergada shirka nabadda Soomaalida ee ku sugan tuulada Mbagathi ee dalka Kiinya. Waxaan hortooda ka ballan qaadnay in, haddii ay isu tanusalaan, kuna heshiiyaan dhismo dawlada qaran, aan ka kaalmeyn doonno xag walba.
Annaga oo tixraaceyna dadaalladaas aan hore u sameynay, waxaan 2dii maalmood, ee aan ku sugneyn dalka aan walaalaha nahay ee Jabuuti, ka doodnay sidii, aan haddana mar kale, uga qayb qaadan lahayn nabad raadinta Soomaaliya. Go’aanka aan gaarnay waxaan ku soo saarnay BAAQ hortiinna la keeni doono.
BAAQAAS waxaa ka mid ah, in aan magacawnay guddi heer sare ah, oo si joogto ah uga qayb qaadan doona shirka nabad raadinta Soomaaliya, si aan shacabka Soomaaliyeed iyo beesha caalamkaba ugu muujinno sida aan diyaarka ugu nahay wax-ka-qabashada arrimaha Soomaaliya. Guddigaasi wuxuu si rasmi ah ula shaqeyn doonaa beesha caalamka, dawlada Soomaaliyeed oo dhalata iyo shacabka Soomaaliyeed dhammaantood.
Baahida dhaqaale ee ka jirta shirka nabad-raadinta hadda ka socda dalka Kiinya awgeed, waxay ganacsatada Soomaaliyeed ku tabba-rucaysaa dhaqaale aan u soo marin doonno Guddiga Ganacsatada Soomaalida ee maanta magacownay. Guddigaani wuxuu dhawaan tegi doonaa dalka Kiinya, si aan ugu wareejinno deeqdaas aan bixineyno, iyo sidii aan uga qayb qaadan lahayn shirka nabadda Soomaaliya.
Annagana waxaan ballan qaadaynaa in aan la shaqeyn doonno dawladda Soomaaliyeed ee cusub iyo beesha caalamka iyo dawladaha aan deriska nahay.